William S. Hart
William Surrey Hart (6 December 1864 in Newburgh, New York – 23 June 1946 in Newhall, California) was a silent film actor, screenwriter, director, and producer.
A successful Shakespearian actor on Broadway who had worked with Margaret Mather and other stars, William S. Hart went on to become one of the first great stars of the motion picture western. Hart appeared in original 1899 stage production of Ben Hur.
He entered films in 1914 where, after playing supporting roles in two short films, he achieved stardom as the lead in the feature, The Bargain.
Hart was particularly interested in making realistic western films. His films are noted for their authentic costumes and props, as well as Hart's extraordinary acting ability, honed on Shakespearian theatre stages in the US and England.
In 1917, he accepted a lucrative offer from Adolph Zukor to join Famous Players-Laskey. In 1925, he starred in King Baggot's film Tumbleweeds which was his last and probably most famous for United Artists. Hart's popularity waned when the public began to be attracted to “larger than life” Western stars such as Tom Mix. He retired to his ranch home, “La Loma de los Vientos” in Newhall, California, which was designed by architect Arthur R. Kelly (designer of the what is now know as the Playboy Mansion).
Hart was fascinated by the Old West. He acquired Billy the Kid's “six shooters”, and was a friend of legendary lawmen Wyatt Earp and Bat Masterson.
Hart married young Hollywood actress, Winifred Westover. Although their marriage was short-lived, they had one child, William S. Hart Jr. (1922-2004).
On his passing in 1946, William S. Hart was buried in Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York.
For his contribution to the motion picture industry, William S. Hart has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6363 Hollywood Blvd. In 1975, he was inducted into the Western Performers Hall of Fame at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
As part of the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, California, Hart's former home and 260 acre (1.1 km²) ranch in Newhall is now "William S. Hart Park". The William S. Hart Union High School District as well as William S. Hart Senior High School, both located in the Santa Clarita Valley in the northern part of Los Angeles County, were named in his honor.
- William Surrey Hart, My Life East and West, New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1929.
- David W. Menefee, The First Male Stars: Men of the Silent Era, Albany: Bear Manor Media, 2007.
- Jeanine Basinger, Silent Stars, 1999 (ISBN 0-8195-6451-6). (chapter on William S. Hart and Tom Mix)
- More information on this topic is available at [ Wikipedia:Notable figures in Western films ]
- William S. Hart at the Internet Movie Database
- William S. Hart at the Internet Broadway Database
- William S. Hart Ranch and Museum
- William S. Hart History (Photos & text)
- Ron Schuler's Parlour Tricks: The Good Badman
- The Haunted Hart Ghost Site
- William S. Hart Union High School District, Santa Clarita Valley, California
- William S. Hart High School, Newhall, California
- Photographs of William S. Hart
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