|Primary emotion||Secondary emotions||Tertiary emotions|
|Sadness||Disappointment||Disappointment • Dismay • Displeasure|
|Neglect||Alienation • Defeat • Dejection • Embarrassment • Homesickness • Humiliation • Insult • Insecurity • Isolation • Loneliness • Neglect • Rejection|
|Sadness||Depression • Despair • Grief • Gloom • Glumness • Hopelessness • Melancholy • Misery • Sadness • Sorrow • Unhappiness • Woe|
|Shame||Guilt • Shame • Regret • Remorse|
|Suffering||Agony • Anguish • Hurt • Suffering|
Sadness is an emotion characterized by feelings of disadvantage, loss, helplessness, sorrow, and rage. When sad, people often become outspoken, less energetic, and emotional.
Sadness can be viewed as a temporary lowering of mood, whereas depression is characterized by a persistent and intense lowered mood, as well as disruption to one's ability to function in day to day matters.
Shame (also called ignominy) is the consciousness or awareness of dishonor, disgrace, or condemnation. Genuine shame is associated with genuine dishonor, disgrace, or condemnation. False shame is associated with false condemnation as in the double-bind form of false shaming; "he brought what we did to him upon himself". Therapist John Bradshaw calls shame the "emotion that lets us know we are finite".
Guilt is an emotion experienced by people who believe they have done something wrong. In criminal law, guilt is the condition of having committed an offense or crime, regardless of how one feels about it. The opposite of guilt is innocence.
Regret is a negative conscious and emotional reaction to personal past acts and behaviors. Regret is often expressed by the term "sorry." Regret is often felt when someone feels sadness, shame, embarrassment, depression, annoyance or guilt after committing an action or actions that the person later wishes that s/he had not done or having not committed an action or actions that the person later wishes that s/he had done. Regret is distinct from guilt, which is a deeply emotional form of regret — one which may be difficult to comprehend in an objective or conceptual way.
Remorse is an emotional expression of personal regret felt by a person after he or she has committed an act which they deem to be shameful, hurtful, or violent. Remorse is closely allied to guilt and self-directed resentment. When a person regrets an earlier action or failure to act, it may be because of remorse or in response to various other consequences, including being punished for the act or omission. In a legal context, the perceived remorse of an offender is assessed by Western justice systems during trials, sentencing, parole hearings, and in restorative justice.
- More information on this topic is available at [ Wikipedia:Remorse ]