|W. Parrot Model of Emotions" with Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Emotions.
By visiting each of the Primary Emotion pages, you will discover all of the Tertiary Emotions connected with the Primary Emotion
|Primary emotions||Secondary emotions|
|Anger||Disgust • Envy • Exasperation • Irritation • Rage • Torment|
|Fear||Horror • Nervousness|
|Joy||Contentment • Enthrallment • Pride • Optimism • Relief • Zest|
|Love||Affection • Desire • Love • Sexual desire|
|Sadness||Disappointment • Neglect • Sadness • Shame • Suffering • Sympathy|
Primary emotion: Joy
|Cheerfulness||Amusement, bliss, cheerfulness, delight, ecstasy, elation, enjoyment, euphoria, gaiety, gladness, glee, happiness, jolliness, joviality, joy, jubilation, satisfaction,|
|Optimism||eagerness, hope, optimism|
|Zest||enthusiasm, excitement, exhilaration, thrill, zeal, zest,|
Pride is either a high sense of one's personal status or ego (i.e., leading to judgments of personality and character) or the specific mostly positive emotion that is a product of praise or independent self-reflection. Philosophers and social psychologists have noted that pride is a complex secondary emotion which requires the development of a sense of self and the mastery of relevant conceptual distinctions (e.g., that pride is distinct from happiness and joy) through language-based interaction with others. Some social psychologists identify it as linked to a signal of high social status. One definition of pride in the first sense comes from St. Augustine: "the love of one's own excellence". In this sense, the opposite of pride is either humility or guilt; the latter in particular being a sense of one's own failure in contrast to Augustine's notion of excellence.
Pride is sometimes viewed as excessive or as a vice, sometimes as proper or as a virtue. While some philosophers such as Aristotle (and George Bernard Shaw) consider pride a profound virtue, most world religions consider it a sin.
According to the Concise Oxford Dictionary, proud comes from late Old English prut, probably from Old French prud "brave, valiant" (11th century) (which became preux in French), from Late Latin term prodis "useful", which is compared with the Latin prodesse "be of use". The sense of "having a high opinion of oneself", not in French, may reflect the Anglo-Saxons' opinion of the Norman knights who called themselves "proud", like the French knights preux.
When viewed as a virtue, pride in one's appearance and abilities is known as virtuous pride, greatness of soul or magnanimity, but when viewed as a vice it is often termed vanity or vainglory. Pride can also manifest itself as a high opinion of one's nation (national pride) and ethnicity (ethnic pride).
- See "Pride" paragraph above
- Noun - triumph (plural triumphs)
- A state of joy or exultation at success.
- A conclusive success following an effort, conflict, or confrontation of obstacles; victory; conquest.
- A magnificent and imposing ceremonial performed in honor of a victor.
- More information on this topic is available at [ Wikipedia:Pride ]